Computer Programming Tutorial


In fact, it was designed to be anyone’s first programming language, whether you’re still in school or exploring new career paths. For educators, Apple created free curriculum to teach Swift both in and out of the classroom. First-time coders can download Swift Playgrounds—an app for iPad that makes getting started with Swift code interactive and fun. Kotlin is an easy-to-learn, open-source, and swift language for Android app development that removes any adoption-related barriers. You can use it for Android development, web development, desktop development, and server-side development. Therefore, it’s a must-learn language for programmers and Android app developers in 2020. Kotlin is a general-purpose programming language with type inference.

As a functional programming language, Scala allows engineers to elevate the quality of their code to resemble pure math. Scala allows for concurrent programming, allowing complex procedures to be executed in parallel. Engineers can create and customize their own data types, allowing them to have the peace of mind knowing entire swaths of bugs are impossible at runtime. Because JavaScript has a forgiving, flexible syntax and works across all major browsers, it is one of the friendliest programming languages for beginners. It’s an industrial-quality programming language that’s as expressive and enjoyable as a scripting language.

Harvard’s CS50’s Introduction to Computer Science, an entry level course, teaches you how to think algorithmically and solve problems efficiently. Problem sets are inspired by real-world domains of biology, cryptography, finance, forensics, and gaming. Scratch is a wonderful tool for understanding programming before jumping into courses in programming languages. In this course you will be programming using a language called Python. Python is one of a group of languages called “general-purpose programming languages”, which can be used to solve a wide variety of problems. Other popular languages in this category are C, Ruby, Java and BASIC.

One of the first object-oriented programming languages, Smalltalk, was developed by seven programmers, including Adele Goldberg, in the 1970s. In 1985, Radia Perlman developed the Spinning Tree Protocol in order to route packets of network information efficiently. To see the bigger picture, please find below the positions of the top 10 programming languages of many years back. Please note that these are average positions for a period of 12 months. Since the differences are relatively small, the programming languages are only listed . The complete top 50 of programming languages is listed below.

This overview is published unofficially, because it could be the case that we missed a language. If you have the impression there is a programming language lacking, please notify us at Please also check the overview of all programming languages that we monitor. When you track your coding time, you first want to break down the tasks involved with the project. This can be either by the various languages you’ll be working with or by dividing tasks, such as development or testing. The Blockly library adds an editor to your app that represents coding concepts as interlocking blocks.

It eventually gave rise to many advanced programming languages, including C++, Java C#, JavaScript and Pearl. There are dozens of programming languages used in the industry today. We’ve compiled overviews of the 12 most important, relevant and in-demand of these languages below. Programming is the process of taking an algorithm and encoding it into a notation, a programming language, so that it can be executed by a computer. Although many programming languages and many different types of computers exist, the important first step is the need to have the solution. edX offers a plethora of classes targeted to new and beginning coders. These introductory classes provide a step by step tutorial on how to code using your favorite language.

If you’re interested in back-end web development, for example, then the open-source Django framework, written in Python, is popular, easy to learn, and feature-rich. Django has been used in the development of some popular sites like Mozilla, Instagram, and Spotify. One of the core languages favored by Google, Go is the little language that could. As a low-level language, Go is ideal for engineers who want to enter the field of systems programming. It encompasses much of the same functionality of C and C++ without the difficult syntax and steep learning curve. It’s the perfect language for building web servers, data pipelines, and even machine-learning packages.

It can be embedded directly into HTML to create web applications. As an open-source language, it’s constantly changing and improving. But it seems that the demand is still low in comparison to languages like JavaScript. It works with HTML and CSS to allow businesses to create interactive sites. It’s an extremely important addition to the top programming languages of 2020, as most websites rely on the functionality that JavaScript brings. Let’s look at the top programming languages of 2020 in a bit more detail and what they’re primarily used to create. First, let’s look at how the top programming languages of 2020 have performed in the last few years.


These attributes have led to a large community of Ruby developers and a growing interest in the language among beginning developers. The average salary for a Ruby developer is nearly $90,000 per year. Java is widely used in web and application development as well as Big Data. Java is also used in the backend of several popular websites, including Google, Amazon, Twitter, and YouTube. New Java frameworks like Spring, Struts, and Hibernate are also very popular. With millions of Java developers worldwide, there are hundreds of texts available for learning Java programming. Also, Java programmers are actively involved in a variety of forums where they vet ideas or solve programming problems.